The Mediterranean Sea is located in temperate and subtropical zones. It is surrounded by extensive continental lands, endowing it with its own climatology characterized by warm and dry summers, moderate winters and a period that concentrates a good part of the rains during the spring
The Mediterranean region is characterized by a high degree of endemism that has caused it to be considered as one of the places with the highest concentration of biodiversity in the world.
The properties of the Mediterranean Sea are a consequence of its almost inland sea situation. Thus, the tides are slight as a result of the close connection with the Atlantic Ocean. The Mediterranean is characterized by its bluish tone, and is immediately recognized by this particular color.
The fauna diversity of the Mediterranean environment is enormous, comparable to that of the plants. Analyzing the richness of species we obtain that: of the 62 species of amphibians that exist in the Mediterranean, 35 are endemic, as are the 111 of the 179 species of reptiles; of the 184 registered mammal species, 25% are endemic and 52 species are endangered (not counting marine mammals); and that 28% of marine species found in the Mediterranean are endemic.
On the other hand, it is the sea with the highest rates of hydrocarbons and pollution in the world.
All these underwater images are made in Medes Islands (marine reserve), L'Estartit, Girona, Catalunya